Fall Prevention

Fall Restraint

Fall Arrest

How it Protects? Prevents people from reaching the fall hazard by creating a barrier between the person and the fall hazard. Prevents people from reaching a fall hazard through a tie off system. Stops a fall that is in progress through a tie off system.
Equipment  No individual equipment Custom fitted equipment Custom fitted equipment
Training  None Custom fitted equipment Custom fitted equipment
Inspection After Install and Annually  Yes, extensive and ongoing Yes, extensive and ongoing
Maintenance  Annually  Every Use by the Individual Every use by the individual
Injury Risk None Mild High
Costs Higher up front costs. Lower initial costs but hidden costs include: training, equipment maintenance, and setup time. Lower initial costs but hidden costs include: training, equipment maintenance, and setup time.
 OSHA ANSI Preferred – minimum risk.  Better than fall arrest.

Fall Arrest vs Fall Restraint | Fall Protection

Personal Fall Arrest Systems

A fall arrest system provides maximum freedom of movement for workers to conduct their duties. In doing so it allows them to reach the point where a fall could occur, such as the edge of a roof for gutter maintenance. However, in the event of a fall, the fall will be arrested and so allow the person to either effect a self-rescue or be rescued.

Fall arrest consists of 2 types:

Fall Arrest System

In the event of a fall, the fall will be arrested and so allow the person to either effect a self-rescue or be rescued.

1. General fall arrest, such as nets; and personal fall arrest, such as lifelines.
2. The most common manifestation of fall arrest in the workplace is the Personal Fall Arrest System, or PFAS (“lifeline”).

Such a system must include 4 elements referred to as A B C D’s of Fall Arrest:

  • A – Anchorage – a fixed structure, often including an anchorage connector, to which the other components of the PFAS are rigged.
  • B – Body Wear – a full body harness worn by the worker.
  • C – Connector – a subsystem component connecting the harness to the anchorage – such as a lanyard.
  • D – Deceleration Device – a subsystem component designed to dissipate the forces associated with a fall arrest event.
  • S – Site Safety Plan

Each of these elements is critical to the effectiveness of a personal fall arrest system. There are many different combinations of products that are commonly used to assemble a personal fall arrest system, and each must meet strict standards – OSHA, ANSI, LnI, and State Legislation. The work setting generally dictates the combination or combinations that are most appropriate.

Fall Restraint System – A System the prevents a person from reaching a ‘Fall Risk’

A fall protection system that prevents the user from falling any distance. The system is comprised of either a body belt or body harness, along with an anchorage, connectors and other necessary equipment. The other components typically include a lanyard, and may also include a lifeline and other devices. OSHA Standard Number 1926.751

Fall Restraint Lifeline and harness

A fall protection system that prevents the user from falling any distance – example a worker with a full body harness, attached to a horizontal lifeline. The worker is incapable of reaching a fall hazard.

Fall Restraint Guard Rail

A fall protection system that prevents the user from falling any distance – example a guard rail

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Summary
Article Name
Fall Arrest vs. Fall Restraint | Fall Protection
Description
Personal Fall Arrest provides maximum freedom of movement for workers to conduct their duties. Fall Restraint System prevents a person from reaching a Fall Risk
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